Analysis of Retinoic Acid Content on Night Whitening Cosmetic Cream in Malang City

Authors

  • Fendi Yoga Wardana ITSK RS dr Soepraoen
  • Yunida Senja Lestari ITSK RS dr. Soepraoen Malang
  • Rakhmadani Gadis Aprilianti ITSK RS dr. Soepraoen Malang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54445/pharmademica.v1i2.17

Abstract View:

130

PDF downloads:

108

Keywords:

Retinoic Acid, Thin Layer Chromatography, Whitening Cream, UV-Vis Spectrophotometry

Abstract

Whitening cream is a product that is used on the outside of the body to lighten or change the color of the skin. Whitening cream contains chemicals that are harmful to the skin, such as mercury, hydroquinone, and retinoic acid. Retinoic acid belongs to a group of drugs that are prohibited because it can cause dry skin, burning and teratogenicity. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the retinoic acid in whitening cream. This study aims to determine the content of retinoic acid in night whitening cream. The samples in this study were 5 night whitening cream products marketed in Malang. Qualitative test of retinoic acid was performed by Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) with silica gel 60F 254 nm as a stationary phase and n-hexane: acetone (6:4) as a mobile phase, and quantitative test using UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The observation result on TLC shows dark blue spots when viewed under UV light at 254 nm with Rf values for samples B, D, and E of 0.487; sample C of 0.425; while the Rf value of the comparison standard is 0.500. The quantitative test indicates 4 samples of night whitening cream contain retinoic acid; 0.165% in sample B, 0.060% in sample C, 0.125% in sample D, and 0.151% in sample E. In conclusion, samples B, C, D and E do not meet the BPOM requirements because they are sold freely without a doctor's supervision.

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Published

25-03-2022

How to Cite

Wardana, F. Y., Lestari, Y. S. ., & Aprilianti, R. G. . (2022). Analysis of Retinoic Acid Content on Night Whitening Cosmetic Cream in Malang City. PHARMADEMICA : Jurnal Kefarmasian Dan Gizi, 1(2), 58–68. https://doi.org/10.54445/pharmademica.v1i2.17